Readers ask: British Colonial Administrator Who Founded Singapore?

Who is the real founder of Singapore?

Thomas Stamford Raffles (Sir) (b. 6 July 1781, off Port Morant, Jamaica–d. 5 July 1826, Middlesex, England)1 is known as the founder of modern Singapore.

Why is Sir Stamford Raffles the founder of Singapore?

Raffles then searched for several weeks. Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships.

Where was Stamford Raffles born?

Thomas Stamford Raffles (Sir) (b. 6 July 1781, off Port Morant, Jamaica –d. 5 July 1826, Middlesex, England), known as the founder of modern Singapore, was born at sea off Jamaica on 6 July 1781 on board the West Indiaman Ann.

Did Sir Stamford Raffles have slaves?

During his lieutenant-governorship, Raffles placed some restrictions on the local slave trade in line with wider British policy across its Asian territories, although slavery remained widespread and Raffles himself was served by a large retinue of slaves at his official residences in Java.

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Why did British choose Singapore?

The harbor, being closer to the island itself would make it easier for the British to defend the harbor from pirates, making it safer. The geographic properties of Singapore, therefore allowed it to be chosen as the place where a port would be set-up.

Who sold Singapore to the British?

In 1824 an Anglo-Dutch treaty left Malaya and Singapore in the British sphere, and in August the whole of Singapore Island was ceded to the British for a monetary payment. Two years later Singapore, Penang, and Malacca (Melaka) were combined as the Straits Settlements to form an outlying residency of India.

Who bought Singapore in 1819?

Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.

What was Singapore called before?

ABOUT “ SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819” The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.

What did Raffles do wrong?

Before Singapore, Raffles served as the Lieutenant-Governor of Java. His rule over the island was marked by conflict and poor financial performance. Most notably, there was a scandal named the ‘ Banjarmasin Outrage ‘, where Raffles kidnapped women and forced them into sexual servitude.

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Who were the 2 founders of Singapore?

They were namely Sir Stamford Raffles, the recognised founder of Modern Singapore, William Farquhar and John Crawfurd, the first two Residents of Singapore.

How did Singapore start?

In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. Singapore became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

When was Singapore founded?

August 9, 1965

What was Raffles Town Plan?

The Jackson Plan or Raffles Town Plan, an urban plan of 1822 titled “Plan of the Town of Singapore”, is a proposed scheme for Singapore drawn up to maintain some order in the urban development of the fledgling but thriving colony founded just three years earlier.

How did the name Singapore come about?

The English language name Singapore comes from its Malay name Singapura, which is believed to have been derived from Sanskrit meaning “Lion City”. Sang Nila Utama, said to be the founder of Singapura in the late 13th century who gave the city its name, also acquired a Sanskrit name Sri Tri Buana.

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