British Colonial Officer Who Founded Singapore?

Who was the real founder of Singapore?

Stamford Raffles’s career and contributions to Singapore. Thomas Stamford Raffles (Sir) (b. 6 July 1781, off Port Morant, Jamaica–d. 5 July 1826, Middlesex, England)1 is known as the founder of modern Singapore.

Who was the 1st British Commandant of Singapore?

Major-General William Farquhar (b. 26 February 1774, Newhall, Kincardineshire, Scotland–d. 11 May 1839, Perth, Scotland) was the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore from 1819 to 1823.

Why is Farquhar the founder of Singapore?

Singapore. With his long Malayan experience and an intimate knowledge of Riau-Lingga politics, Major Farquhar was given the task to help Sir Stamford Raffles find a settlement on Singapore island. He was appointed the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore, 1819–23.

Is Farquhar the founder of Singapore?

For his contributions to the founding of modern Singapore and the early years of its development, Farquhar has an important place in Singapore’s history.

Why did British choose Singapore?

The harbor, being closer to the island itself would make it easier for the British to defend the harbor from pirates, making it safer. The geographic properties of Singapore, therefore allowed it to be chosen as the place where a port would be set-up.

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Who found Temasek?

The Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals) contains a tale of a prince of Srivijaya, Sri Tri Buana (also known as Sang Nila Utama), who landed on Temasek after surviving a storm in the 13th century.

What is the old name of Singapore?

Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.

What was Singapore before 1819?

ABOUT “ SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819” The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.

Who is the second resident of Singapore?

John Crawfurd is appointed second British Resident – Singapore History. John Crawfurd succeeded William Farquhar as resident of Singapore on 9 June 1823. Crawfurd joined the Medical Service of the East India Company (EIC) in 1803 at the age of 20 and was posted to Penang in 1808.

What nationality is the name Farquhar?

Farquhar is a surname of Scottish origin, derived from the Scottish Gaelic fearchar, from fear (“man”) and car (“beloved”). Farquharson is a further derivation of the name, meaning “son of Farquhar”.

How did Farquhar die?

Peyton Farquhar dies beneath the Owl Creek Bridge. He was captured and hanged for trying to sabotage and destroy the bridge so that that the Union army could not use it. But before his imagination can put him inside of his home… the rope snaps taught and kills Peyton beneath the Owl Creek Bridge.

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When was Singapore founded?

In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. Singapore became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

Who was Farquhar?

Peyton Farquhar A thirty-five-year-old Southern planter. A prosperous land- and slave-owner from an esteemed Alabama family, Farquhar is a civilian and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. He assumes a kind expression at his execution, despite the grimness of his situation.

Who was Dr John Crawfurd?

John Crawfurd (b. 1783, Scotland–d. 1868, England) was the second British Resident of Singapore, holding office from 9 June 1823 to 14 August 1826. He was instrumental in implementing some of the key elements of Stamford Raffles’s vision for Singapore, and for laying the foundation for the economic growth of Singapore.

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